By 2020, Gartner estimates there will be 50 billion smart devices, transmitting data to Cloud and to each other. Influx of people from rural to urban cities will increase every year and Barclays predicts 70% of India’s GDP will be from Urban India.
Smart Cities are constructed to tackle inefficiencies and create sustainable communities. By 2020 Smart Cities market will be worth $1.5 trillion globally. Rs. 7000 earmarked for 100 Modi’s Smart Cities Mission.
The challenges of cities are changing rapidly as you use more of that very finite resource of clean drinking water. As we create more waste, we’re going to have to think very differently about how to solve the problems that arise. Our tendency is to think about solving problems the way we’ve always done them. “But there’s a completely different degree of complexity that’s emerged here now in the 21st century.” ~ Jonathan Reichental, chief information officer at the city of Palo Alto.
What does technology mean for the city and what ways can it contribute towards quality of life. One of the things with City governments that people have a perception of, is that they don’t take the risk of going ahead invest in the infrastructure to make it a smarter more connected city. Internet-of-Things is transforming todays cities, into smart cities of tomorrow. So what is a Smart City? Today in 2018, there is no agreed definition! One thing that’s really clear about smart cities is, they’re very specific to a city. The problems in Mumbai or Delhi are very different to Shanghai and Amsterdam.It can’t be about community and government separately. We got to look at ways to bring people into problem solving in an urban environment. This is the intersection between the physical world and the digital world.
Let’s take a look at the top IoT Systems that will define the Smart Cities of tomorrow:
- IoT Streetlights Automation: this is a smart form to monitor and save energy with a centralized control for reporting and detecting pedestrians on sidewalks and cars on roads, and also alerting faults so that quick fixes can be implemented and maintained. This would follow-up with the feature of ‘coordinated switching’ which allows the streetlights and/or lampposts to save energy when no one is around and to use sensors to detect any passerby and aid them by illuminating the light.
- IoT Garbage Automation: this would improve the cleanliness of smart cities by adding sensors into the garbage disposals that can check for the level of garbage disposed which will help us know when the trash is full and needs to be replaced. IoT will inform garbage disposers to report to the disposal and clean it, which would considerably reduce fuel costs and reduce water clogging ensuring a cleaner and greener environment.
- IoT Pollution Monitoring: this system would allow to identify the geographic pollution (where it is coming from) and the source of the pollution (what it is). Air quality monitoring allows for governments to identify which company or factory is emitting the most harmful fuels into the air and notify them whether they need to be stopped or reduced. This ensures Pollution Free Cities.
- IoT Parking Automation: for making efficient spot allocations and efficient space sharing, automated parking spot reservations allows drivers to navigate to the nearest parking spot available. This technology can be seen in malls parking spaces, but imagine this was embedded on the streets! This can be done by adding sensors to each parking spot and connecting them to the Cloud, allowing drivers to navigate on their phones or in their cars navigation system. This would allow for a hassle-free parking experience for everyone.
- IoT Weather Forecasting: as technology advances, accurate predictions can be made for monitoring weather conditions. This would allow people to efficiently plan their day by knowing the exact weather forecasts. Sudden changes in the temperature and cloud patterns and wind movements would notify sensors connected to the system and can alert people about what the climate would look like.
These are just a few of the technologies Internet-of-Things can be implemented to make cities smarter and safer. Other systems being; IoT Emergency Services, IoT Corruption Monitoring,IoT Healthcare, all which would help the services industry by helping them make quicker decisions.
SAP is a leading example of integrating Internet of Things to companies to make their processes smarter, quicker, and more efficient than ever before. KORE CIO Sam Lakkundi, “We are given the ability to talk as you talk today to other humans, with machines! That power of allowing me to talk to Systems as easily as talking to human beings is really the ability that SAP has given us. Getting things done in a much more efficient way through a conversation, through your voice.”
SAP actually enables the Internet of Things, so when you’re talking about the Internet of Things, it’s a mix-match of many many different systems coming in to play. The Cloud platform allows to integrate all of these things and give us an easier way to build solutions that can make life easy.